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Uncoupling File & Suspend

suspended bridgeNote: with the passage of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 into law, File & Suspend and Restricted Application have been effectively eliminated for anyone born in 1954 or later. If born before 1954 there are some options still available, but these are limited as well. Please see the article The Death of File & Suspend and Restricted Application for more details.

By now you should be somewhat familiar with the File & Suspend strategy, where an individual files for Social Security benefits and then immediately suspends them. This strategy is often used so that the individual can enable other dependents’ benefits (such as spousal or children) based upon his or her record, while delaying receipt of his or her own benefits in order to accrue delay credits on his benefit.

What you may not realize is that you don’t have to file & suspend at the same time. These actions can be decoupled – in other words, you could file for benefits at any time that you’re eligible, and then later (as long as you’re at least at Full Retirement Age) you could suspend your benefits.

For example, John filed for his Social Security benefit at a reduced rate when he is age 64. His wife Betsy is age 62, and she files for her own benefit and the Spousal Benefit based upon John’s record at the same time.

A few years later, John returns to work on a part-time basis as a consultant for his former employer. John has now reached Full Retirement Age (66 for him), and this part-time income is plenty to cover the couple’s income needs. John would like to enhance his future Social Security benefit as well as the potential Survivor Benefit that Betsy would receive if John dies before her.

John can suspend his benefit, since he’s at least Full Retirement Age. Betsy will be eligible to continue receiving the Spousal Benefit based on John’s record, since John has filed for benefits. He has only suspended his benefits, he didn’t withdraw from benefits (that’s another item altogether). John’s benefit will accrue Delayed Retirement Credits (DRCs) for every month after he suspends up to his age 70.

Since his original filing was at his age 64, the benefit was reduced to 86.67% of what his benefit would have been at age 66. His benefit was to be $2,000 at age 66, so when he filed at age 64 his benefit was reduced to $1,733. If he delays to age 70 (after suspending), he’ll add 32% onto that original benefit. This will bring his benefit to a total of $2,288, 114% of his age 66 benefit.

This suspend action can be taken any time after John reaches full retirement age – but he cannot retroactively suspend. Retroactive suspension can be done only at the same time as his first filing, and since he first filed some time ago, his benefits will be suspended beginning the month after he submits the suspension paperwork.  Also, once benefits are suspended, John can at any time (before he refiles his application for benefits at age 70) change his mind and “un-suspend” his benefit, receiving all of the benefits he would have received from the time of his suspension up until he un-suspends. He would then continue receiving the same benefit he was receiving when he suspended.

It’s important to note that while his benefit is suspended, John must pay his Medicare monthly premiums separately. Since he isn’t receiving a SS benefit check, there is no way for this to be deducted. His Medicare premium cannot be deducted from Betsy’s check.


  1. Maureen finkle says:

    Please help

    1. Maureen finkle says:

      I started collecting SS at age 64. My ex of more than 10yrs has benefits of approx. 2500 pm. How can I collect the difference between the two benefits? I am now 72 yrs.
      thank you

      1. jblankenship says:

        If your own benefit is more than $1,250, you are receiving the maximum amount that you can receive. If your own benefit is something less than $1,250, you can file an application for spousal benefits to receive the increase.

  2. Don Steele says:

    Hi Jim, love all the excellent information you’ve provided on Social Security strategies. I have a question you may have some information on: My wife (54) is on Social Security Disability (has been for the last 20 years). I am 59. Can I file a Restricted Application at age 66 and 2 months and receive a 50% FRA spousal benefit while delaying my benefits til age 70. We have no idea what her FRA PIA will be once she reaches age 67. Any ideas?

    1. jblankenship says:

      I believe you can, but you’ll want to confirm that with SSA to be certain.

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